Extra melanin is produced by the body in response to sun exposure: it absorbs UV rays and allow them to penetrate deep into the layers of the skin, as it would be harmful. If you want to avoid skin discoloration, the first and most important thing to do is avoid sun exposure and use sunscreen. This way your body will not have to produce more melanin. Since melanin is accumulated in the top layer of the skin may want to consider skin lightening and peeling. There are several products that can be used for this purpose: Hydroquinone has been a very popular treatment, however, can irritate the skin.
Kojic acid, discovered in Japan in 1989, is a natural product derived from fungi (mushrooms). It is gentle on the skin and very effective in treating skin discoloration. Penetrate the upper layers of the skin, which inhibits the formation of pigment. Alpha-hydroxy acids a helping to clarify the old cells faster, therefore they will be useful. By removing outer skin cells, which tend to be darker, which will make your freckles or age spots lighter and less visible. If you decide to use any of the above products, extra sun protection is essential. If necessary, apply an SPF cream several times a day.
By using skin lighteners and peels, you affect the upper darker. Layers below are lighter, with less melanin present. If you do not protect your skin, it will launch its own defense mechanism to produce more melanin. This will lead to fading darker and more intense, which can be even more difficult to remove. Please remember that skin discoloration (excluding pregnancy mask which should disappear after delivery) require consistent treatment. Once you stop using lighteners and protection, the dark patches will be back. But not to continue with your skin regiment is difficult: all you need is a gentle yet effective clarifying, and a moisturizer with complete UV protection – against UVB and UVA rays. Natural remedies you can use: Wash your face with sour milk. Lactic acid will provide gentle peeling effect without irritating or drying the skin. Lemon juice is a time proven solution to combat freckles. It is not necessary to rub the skin with a piece of lemon. Applying the juice with your fingers will work. Fruit and vegetable masks (apricots, strawberries, cucumbers, currants). Mask of sour cream. Do not rinse the mask completely, just remove gently with a tissue, then apply a moisturizer. For oily skin – use lemon juice before applying the mask. Natural parsley juice (or parsley infusion) mixed with equal amounts of lemon juice, orange juice and red currant juice under your favorite cream will help keep your freckles invisible. Last but not least – increase your intake of vitamin C! It makes your skin less sensitive to the sun. Foods rich in vitamin C are citrus, apples, green onions, black and red currant, rosehip tea. Note that some types of skin discoloration are due to internal unrest. Poor liver function, hormonal or metabolism disorders, overactive thyroid can be the underlying reasons for the unpleasant aesthetic problems. If this is the case, start the treatment from the inside.