In simple terms, the engine remanufacturing is the process of converting an engine used and worn in a motor as closely as possible to the new. Engine completely disassembles, cleans, is inspected, rectifying (in our industry rectify means re-maquinar), it is re-ensambla and is tested to ensure their quality and performance. All the parts that form the core or engine block, crankshaft, connecting rods, heads, etc. they are thoroughly inspected, and its State is compared against the manufacturer’s original specifications. These parts undergo a grinding process under specifications that returned to the engine original equipment tolerances.

Parts subject to wear as bearings, rings, pistons and gaskets are replaced automatically. Finally, remanufactured engine is subject to various inspections and tests to verify its operation and compare it against normal standards of operation of a new engine. There is a big difference between Remanufacture and recycle, repair, rebuild, restore, and/or reconditioning. Recycle in our industry, generally applies to reuse a product that has been rescued from a vehicle in disuse, and resold with little or no added work; recycling does not reach the standards of the remanufacturing. Repair is an imprecise term that basically indicates that a product has been sufficiently reformed or arranged to do it that works. Rebuilding is reconditioning only those parts that are damaged by the cleaning, inspection and replacement of parts worn out or broken; the parts that are used again are accepted while they are within the wear limits indicated by the manufacturer.

A product repaired or rebuilt to perform or what one last new cannot be expected. Restore and recondition are terms that, in our industry, usually refer to classical or antique products. Remanufacture means any thing used in as closely as possible to the new convert. In the case of an engine, serve all parts and not only those that show visible damage. Parts subject to wear are automatically replaced. The core and the main elements are inspected in detail and compared against original equipment specifications to verify tolerances. Replacement parts are new, manufactured using processes similar to the original equipment. Quality tests are developed under specifications and original standards of the manufacturer. Inherently, the remanufacturing has an extraordinary impact on the environment. In the particular case of automobiles, the Association American of automobile manufacturers (American Automobile Manufacturers Association) in your main facts of the automobile companies in the United States report: the environment (Key Facts About America s Car Companies: The Environment), includes the remanufacturing as part of the life cycle of a car. The remanufacturing retrieves the value added to the product in its original manufacture. In fact, a study by the Massachusetts Institute of technology about the remanufacturing of automotive components, indicates that approximately 85% of the energy used in the manufacture of the original product, is preserved in the remanufactured product. Therefore, it regards the remanufacturing as the Supreme form of recycling.

Association Creativity

As Fromm (1963) I would say the first phase is female, while the second, of hard work, is masculine. This is a common problem among creatives who rely too much on your right hemisphere and the left despise. With all this I give evidence that creativity needs everything the brain that is made manifest, not just a part. Another reason why creativity may not be used in a specific zone is because there are so many forms of creativity of intelligence. The psychologist Howard Gardner (1983,1993,1995) in his theory of multiple intelligences suggests that intelligence is not a unitary entity, but rather a collection of eight different intelligences. According to this perspective, people can be smart differently.

Therefore a musician would be intelligent differently to a writer and this would be an architect. Therefore, there would be multiple intelligences and each would be more gifted in one of them. Although I have my criticisms on this theory, I like to illustrate the case of creativity. As suggested by Gardner with intelligence, same thing happens with creativity, i.e., there is only one type of creativity. I, like Gardner, agree that there is only one type, but differ greatly in the number of them. Gardner gives us a number (eight) for then go to expand it as you are investigating, and sincerely I no longer know or where you are going. I do not commit such recklessness, in my view, and I will not give any, not fearing to be wrong in the issue, but because I am convinced that there are as many as the mind want and want.

If there is already a number we would be not talking about creativity. Creativity is thus reinvented itself and does not stop surprising us. Brain anywhere can be worthy of that spark, that Association of ideas, of that curiosity that is needed to ignite the creative fire. Any stimulus can be picked up by our senses, and we know that there is a distinct part in our brain to pick up those stimuli depending on our direction receiver. Finally, the most important reason of all. Here is where the expert breathe calm and the neophyte is surprised, but going beyond: creativity can not be found in the brain territory because it is simply not. And it is not that it is not for nothing in particular, it is not because creativity is not a thing material, is a clever way of thinking. And this makes us realize that being a smart way of thinking, cannot be reduced to a specific part, and therefore need whole brain in order to comply with the entire creative process.